Minkh submitted a beneficial memorate function a couple of men, old 20-25, concerning the wedding of an excellent koldun , Filat Semenov, inside a wedding within the Saratov state
They were landless, older and you can terrible (Ramer 1991: 214), nonetheless had gotten a massive body away from magical, and frequently herbal knowledge, and gathered a reputation that may allow them to eke out an existence from the undertaking various properties with other peasants.
Magical therapists incorporated healers (male znakhar’ , ladies znakharka ), fortunetellers (male kudes’nik , female vorozheia ) and sorcerers (male koldun , people koldun’ia ). Peasants made use of these conditions instead broadly, and frequently interchangeably. It stems partially regarding simple fact that enchanting practitioners performed a good type of overlapping functions, and then have because of regional otherwise private variations. You to top difference in healers and you can sorcerers is actually the fact sorcerers derived its energies from an “unclean push” ( nechistaia sila ), that could relate to the help of petty demons, or the “unclean” inactive (those who had drowned, the full time suicide, passed away unbaptized, or got skilled sorcery when you’re lifestyle) (Ivanits1989: 97; 104). While you are a good koldun you are going to display similarities in the work through an effective counselor otherwise an effective koldun’ia , one to role that has been particularly accorded so you’re able to your was compared to honored visitor and you may guardian of your own peasant matrimony.
Semenov contacted the latest horses, and you can shouted “hey you-We me personally am right here!
An examination of the new koldun within solitary means can help so you’re able to show this new hazy limitations ranging from benevolent and you can malevolent miracle, as well as focus on a specifically male category of enchanting practitioners exactly who peasant denounced getting specific acts of witchcraft. While the koldun relatively performed because a guard out-of weddings, an analysis off peasant feedback shows that the brand new peasantry stored it particular koldun inside the a much more ambivalent respect. The marriage koldun will bring a good lucid exemplory case of how peasants you will mistake phenomenal therapists to own witches, in the event it did benevolent and you can prophylactic qualities.
Just after peasants concerned accept that a fellow villager is actually at the rear of the misfortunes, they both made a decision to deal with them using unlawful mode, approved from the people. New osud ) into a deviant or unlawful function sometimes involved the new concur of the brand new town council ( skhod ), and might involve the fresh involvement, really otherwise ultimately, of one’s whole community. Or even a little selection of peasants might take it up on themselves so you can clear a community regarding unsafe issues; the newest act still could well be approved from the neighborhood when their norms, well-becoming, or economic income were endangered (Frank 1987: 239-265).
To understand exactly how a beneficial “protector” koldun you will sustain the brand new wrath regarding his fellow villagers, you should keep in mind that peasants commonly dreadful, respected, and resented these types of towering rates. Such as, in the 1887 the fresh ethnographer An effective. In the relationships procession ahead of heading to church, this new ponies would not move forward and you may reared right up (Minkh 1994: 285). Peasants believed like relatively light misfortunes due to the fact proof of “spoiling” (Kuznetsova 1992: 125). ” ( Ei vy–ia sam tut !), where new horses started out at the fast. Similar to this, Semenov eliminated a comparatively quick act away from detected spoiling. Semenov didn’t endear himself in order to his other villagers, and there is evidence to point that they sensed following through facing him. Within a later wedding the guy pushed the customers in order to hug and you will hug new listings supporting the awing beyond an effective peasant’s hut. Minkh’s informants stated that peasants from inside the an event of your own village installation had talked about thrashing Semenov. If so it frustration stemmed on the collective effectation of his dangers and you caribbean cupid przeglД…d may imposing prominence, otherwise that it solitary indignation is not obvious. The fresh ethnographer’s report doesn’t say even if it was carried out, but this is exactly nevertheless an essential bit of proof, regardless of if, once the we see that peasants performed think providing unlawful action against good koldun although he had turned out so you’re able to getting useful in one or more eg.